From: (soc.culture.thai FAQ maintainer)
Newsgroups: soc.culture.thai,soc.answers,news.answers
Subject: soc.culture.thai Technical FAQ
Followup-To: soc.culture.thai
Approved: news-answers-request@MIT.Edu
Summary: This posting contains technical information for the
         soc.culture.thai newsgroup.

Archive-name: thai/technical
Soc-culture-thai-archive-name: technical
Version: $Id: sctfaq-technical,v 1.12 1995/03/05 21:44:54 trin Exp trin $

The "soc.culture.thai Frequently Asked Questions" periodic postings are
divided into 6 parts plus an index. Requests for inclusion, correction
or update can be made by posting a public message or follow-up to this

The current release of these FAQs can be fetched by anonymous FTP from (or its mirror sites) under directories:

The current copy of the FAQs can be viewed by appropriate tools at the URL
The hypertext, gopher and plain text versions are available at
The URIs/URLs in this document are formatted in accordance with rfc1738.


Networking and Software

 * Networking
  N.1)  Network map
  N.2)  Domestic host count
  N.3)  NSFnet network statistics (revised)
  N.4)  Network resources (revised)
  N.5)  Commercial network access
 * Thai software
  S.1)  Microsoft Windows 3.1 Thai Edition
 * Business
  B.1)  Domestic computer market



This part describes technical aspects of Thailand particularly Information
Technology and Science and Technology Development activities.


Subject: N.1)  Network map

                 Domestic IP network topology

                 TU-----TU        |       KKU
               Rangsit   `\   MOPH| SUT   /     STOU
                  BOT TIAC `\   | | |   /' RU  /' CAT
                    `\_____\_`\ | | | /'_/'__/'__/' 
  UUNET/Alternet-------------N E C T E C---------KMITNB
                             | | | |`\`\`------MUA
                      AIT----' | | `\ `\`-----KMITT
                       |       | `\ PSU `\ 
       UUNET---------Chula     |  SU  `\  `---KU---StJohn
                    /' | `\  KMITL     PSU
            Chiangmai  |   `\         Pattani
                      AU     `Mahidol

AIT             Asian Institute of Technology {Pathumthani}
AU              Assumption Univiersity, formerly known as Assumption
                Business Administration College -- ABAC
BOT             Note Printing Works, Bank of Thailand
CAT             Communications Authority of Thailand
Chiangmai       Chiangmai University {Chiangmai}
Chula           Chulalongkorn University
KKU             Khon Kaen University {Khon Kaen}
KMITL           King Mongkut Institute of Technology, Ladkrabang Campus
KMITNB          King Mongkut Institute of Technology, North Bangkok Campus
KMITT           King Mongkut Institute of Technology, Thonburi Campus
KU              Kasetsart University, Bangkhen Campus
Mahidol         Mahidol University, Phayathai Campus
MOPH            Ministry of Public Health
MUA             Ministry of University Affairs
NECTEC          National Electronics and Computer Technology Center,
                National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA),
                Ministry of Science Technology and Environment (MoSTE)
NIDA            National Institute for Development Administration
PSU             Prince of Songkhla University, Haad Yai Campus {Songkhla}
PSU Pattani     Prince of Songkhla University, Pattani Campus {Pattani}
RU              Ramkhamhaeng University, Huamark Campus
StJohn          St. John College
STOU            Sokhothai Thammathirat Open University {Nonthaburi}
SU              Silapakorn University
SUT             Suranaree University of Technology {Nakornratchasima}
TIAC            Technical Information Access Center, NSTDA, MoSTE
TU              Thammasat University, Thaprachan Campus
TU Rangsit      Thammasat University, Rangsit Campus {Pathumthani}


Subject: N.2)  Domestic host count

As of July 25, Thailand has:

Found 0 hosts within th
Found 0 hosts within
Found 35 hosts within
Found 1 gateway host within
Found 12 hosts within
Found 1 duplicate host within
Found 0 hosts within
Found 1 host within
Found 1 host within
Found 1 host within
Found 3 hosts within
Found 3 hosts within
Found 9 hosts within
Found 0 hosts within
Found 0 hosts within
Found 5 hosts within
Found 1 host within
Found 1 host within
Found 19 hosts within
Found 1 gateway host within
Found 31 hosts within
Found 62 hosts within
Found 58 hosts within
Found 2 gateway hosts within
Found 0 hosts within
Found 0 hosts within
Found 44 hosts within
Found 13 gateway hosts within
Found 0 hosts within
Found 0 hosts within
Found 9 hosts within
Found 1 gateway host within
Found 18 hosts within
Found 19 hosts within
Found 2 hosts within
Found 2 duplicate hosts within
Found 10 hosts within
Found 1 host within
Found 1 duplicate host within
Found 1 host within
Found 7 hosts within
Found 13 hosts within
Found 2 extrazone hosts within
Found 2 hosts within
Found 5 hosts within
Found 5 hosts within
Found 5 hosts within
Found 2 hosts within
Found 1 host within
Found 4 hosts within
Found 3 hosts within
Found 2 hosts within
Found 7 hosts within
Found 1 gateway host within
Found 1 host within
Found 19 hosts within
Found 40 hosts within
Found 2 hosts within
Found 2 extrazone hosts within
Found 701 hosts within
Found 1 gateway host within
Found 1 host within
Found 5 hosts within
Found 1 gateway host within
Found 58 hosts within
Found 1 duplicate host within
Found 7 hosts within
Found 3 hosts within
Found 59 hosts within
Found 1 gateway host within
Found 6 hosts within

Encountered 1267 hosts in 57 zones within th
Encountered 5 duplicate hosts in 57 zones within th


Subject: N.3)  NSFnet traffic

NSF Backbone Service Traffic from/to Thailand.

                        Bytes               Bytes       Percentages
           No.          In To               Out From    In       Out
           Nets         Backbone            Backbone   (%all traffic)
93  Jan      3         110086100           291218500     0.00    0.01
    Feb     11         153774900           450993850     0.00    0.01
    Mar     12         232535800           637034800     0.00    0.01
    Apr     11         157441200           596281150     0.00    0.01
    May     13         173862850           724595250     0.00    0.01
    Jun     13         258465250           883010950     0.00    0.01
    Jul     15         275098400          1433567400     0.00    0.02
    Aug     16         378205950          2042966200     0.01    0.03
    Sep     16         441728700          2253084200     0.01    0.03
    Oct     17	       473182400          2694364850     0.00    0.03
    Nov     17         596610450          4087475000     0.01    0.04
    Dec     18         610994800          4037458900     0.01    0.04
94  Jan     21         972252150          4711328550     0.01    0.05
    Feb     25        2244173700          4127016300     0.02    0.04
    Mar     25        2232012250          5773924800     0.02    0.04
    Apr     24        2154485000          5551750050     0.02    0.04
    May     26        2373120400          7000089650     0.02    0.05
    Jun     27        2123487700          7154443600     0.01    0.05
    Jul     35        1974774300          9330818650     0.01    0.06
    Aug     38        1776647350          9168787100     0.01    0.06
    Sep     38        1853146900          8993819400     0.01    0.05
    Oct     41        2165777250          8961772250     0.01    0.05
    Nov     45        2666443400         12063593000     0.01    0.06
    Dec     44        2405253950         12819571550     0.01    0.07
95  Jan     45        2560073250         12233445200     0.02    0.08
   Source:  derived from data at

[Editor's Note:

   NSFnet backbone statistics provided by Merit will shortly be ceased
   due to transition in administrative structure of Internet backbone
   operators. There will be no replacement for this statistics available
   anywhere. However, statistics for network traffic passing through
   NECTEC is available for anonymous FTP at:* ]


Subject: N.4)  Network resources

FTP servers
     /pub/thaisys/BBS          Selected files from BBSes in Thailand.
              .../info         Files from NECTEC /pub/info/...
              .../software     Files from NECTEC /pub/pc/... and
                               Kent State's /pub/Thai/Software.
              .../thainews     Decoded daily news from Thai News Agency
                               available at NECTEC /pub/news. Updated
     /pub/pics/Thailand        GIF and JPEG pictures of Thailand.
     /pub/thai/gif             GIF pictures.
     /pub/cuword               Home of cuword
     /pub/archives/...         USENET archives
     /pub/info/...             Information -- Text files.
           .../gna             Global Network Academy -- list of courses/
                               degrees of which class attendance is not
                               required and the Internet and its facilities
                               can be used to stimulate classroom
           .../netinfo         Forms/procedures related to Internet
           .../royal-speeches  Transcriptions of Royal Speeches on various
                               occations. Thai. TIS 620-2533 character set.
           .../soc.culture.thai-faq  Working copy of soc.culture.thai FAQ.
           .../thai-language         Thai word list, Thai word parser, etc.
           .../thailand-education    Information on local education.
           .../thailand-figures      Economic indicators and forecasts.
           .../thailand-gis+maps     GIS data and maps.
           .../thailand-networking   Domestic networking.
           .../thailand-travel       Travel.
     /pub/mirrors/...                Mirror archives of various software and
                                     specifications. Update automatically.
              .../SimTel/msdos       Simtel Repository archive.
              .../X                  X11R6 source tree.
              .../XFree86            X server for x86 Unix.
              .../dharma             DharmaNet Electronic File Archive (DEFA).
              .../faq                USENET Frequently Asked Questions
              .../freebsd            the FreeBSD operating system.
              .../games              U Mass Lowell's games archive.
              .../gnu                GNU software.
              .../intel              Intel CPUs and SBCs
              .../internet-drafts    Internet drafts.
              .../lao/bane_lao       Lao archive.
              .../linux              Linux freeware System V Unix.
              .../lpf                Leagues for Programming Freedom archive.
              .../mac                Macintosh archive from Stanford.
              .../microsoft          MS technical specifications.
              .../motorola           Motorola MPUs and SBCs.
              .../netbsd             the NetBSD operating system.
              .../os2                OS/2 archive.
              .../rec-travel         The library
              .../rfc                Internet RFC's.
              .../win3               Indiana CICA's Win3 archive.
     /pub/news                 Daily news from Thai News Agency. Thai.
                               TIS 620-2533 character set. Updated daily.
     /pub/pc/cu-writer         The renowned CU-Writer (a.k.a. CU Word).
                               Developed at Chulalongkorn. Thai.
         .../lao               Lao software -- now only the Lao version
                               of CU Writer 1.5. Developed by the
                               International Relations of Chulalongkorn
                               and the Lao PDR's Ministry of Science and
         .../mm-may92          MS Windows multimedia application of
                               the 'middle-class uprising' May 1992
                               chronicle. Developed at AIT. Thai.
         .../thai-lib          C programming library to facilitate the
                               development of Thai language applications.
                               Developed at KMIT-T. Thai.
     /soc.culture.thai         Shortcut to /pub/info/soc.culture.thai-faq/.
         .../Index             Current soc.culture.thai Index.
         .../general           Current soc.culture.thai General FAQ.
         .../culture           Current soc.culture.thai Culture FAQ.
         .../language          Current soc.culture.thai Language FAQ.
         .../travel            Current soc.culture.thai Travel FAQ.
         .../technical         Current soc.culture.thai Technical FAQ.
         .../figures           Current soc.culture.thai Figures FAQ.
         .../SCT-FAQ.tar.gz    Current distribution of SCT FAQs; plain text
                               and hypertext (HTML)
         .../Archives          Soc.culture.thai archives.
         .../Posted            Old releases of soc.culture.thai FAQs.
         .../SCTinfo           Supplemental information to soc.culture.thai.
     /thailand-info            Shortcut to /pub/info/

Telnet server
                               Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn.
                               Index of Thai Medical Journals.
                               Login as CUML; no password. VAX/VMS
                               microCDS/ISIS package.
                               Chulalongkorn University library. Login
                               as library with no password. Press L to
                               toggle between Thai and English.
                               Regional Computing Center, AIT. Online
                               library catalogue. Login as LIBRARY;
                               no password. OpenVMS. microCDS/ISIS pkg.

Gopher servers

   A list of of Gopher servers in Thailand is available online at  and
                               Internet Service Office.
                               Regional and domestic information from
                               ESCAP, UNESCO, University of Maryland
                               and many others. Great source of info.
                               CWIS. Thailand Chapter of the ACM.
                               Information center for Northern Thailand.
                               Travel information. Recent country-wide
                               weather forecast.
                               Information center for Northeastern Thailand.
                               Computing Center, Mahidol University. 
                               Information about the Computerized 
                               Buddhist Scriptures (BUDSIR),
                               University Staff Email Directory
                               CWIS, Computer Engineering Dept, KMIT-L.

WWW servers

   A list of of WWW servers in Thailand is available online at  and
        gopher://        Computational Chemistry
                                 Offers similar sets as AIT gopher plus
                               the richness of the global web. Home page:
                               CWIS. Thai postage stamps.
                                    SunSite Thailand (under construction)
                                 CWIS. The LEAD (Leadership for Environment
                               and Development) program.
                                    CWIS. Multimedia.
                                       CWIS. Isan travel resource (gopher base).
                                    A world-wide web server to access all known
                               domestic information mentioned above. Access
                               to NECTEC mirror archives (RFCs, draft RFCs,
                               GNU, SimTel/Oak MSDOS, UML Games, D.E.F.A.
                               Buddhism online files, CICA Win3, Microsoft
                               technical specs, League for programming
                               freedom, Linux, Macintosh and FAQs). Various
                               collections of handy network utilities. Global
                               Network Navigator. Global Network Academy.
                               Australia/Thailand Higher Education Information
                               Exchange. ANU Coombs archives Thai-Yunnan
                               Project Newsletters. soc.culture.thai FAQs.
                               Home page is URL:
                               Alternatively, the Thailand WWW Virtual Library
                               is located at:
                                  Thailand Network Information Center
                                A variant of consolidated Thailand network
                               resources. Home page at URL:

Updated on 1995-01-29.


Subject: N.5)  Commercial network access

From: mbarnes@finally.East.Sun.COM (Mike Barnes)
Date: 14 Feb 1994 20:42:08 GMT

  Contacts for Compuserve in Thailand:

      Commercial Service:
      Director, Commercial Division
      Communications Authority of Thailand
      Bangkok 10501

      Telephone:  (662) 234-7242 or 233-1050, ext. 2217 or 2521
      Telex:      (788) 70021 or 80013

      Administrative Matters:
      Dr. Kittin Udomkiat
      Telex:  (788) 80006

      Technical Matters:
      Mr. Manit Saikeaw
      Telex:  (788) 70046

From: (Yunyong Teng-amnuay)
Date: Mon, 14 Mar 1994 08:45:16 +0700 (BKK)

   THAIPAK is the X.25 service offered by CAT (Communications Authority of
   Thailand).  It allows connection to other X.25 node (server) via simple
   RS232 async port (?9600? bps).  There are minimum charge and traffic
   charge by the byte.

[Editor's Note:

   There is an information on a service called ThaiSarn Internet Service,
   TIS, available on NECTEC Gopher at the URL:
   This service is about to phase out.

   See also full commercial Internet services at:
     gopher:// ]


Subject: S.1)  Microsoft Windows 3.1 Thai Edition

From: (Panu Sittiwong)
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 94 12:32:26 CST

  Since my previous post on Windows 3.1 Thai Edition, I have received
  several info. about the product.  So I decide to post it in SCT to
  everyone.  Here is the info.
  Windows 3.1 Thai Edition
  The Valuesoft Vision Co. Ltd.
  15th Floor, Central Chidlom Tower
  22 Soi Somkid, Ploenchit Rd.
  Bangkok 10330
  Tel. 66-2-254-7088
  Fax. 66-2-256-0310
  I don't know that you can get it in the U.S.  I got my copy in
  Bangkok by trading in my English version of Windows 3.1.  The
  upgrade price is 1250 Bath plus 7% VAT.  You will need to bring
  all the diskettes of the English version for the upgrade.  The
  software comes in 8 diskettes and a Thai manual.  I have been using
  it since last August without any problem and the Thai characters
  look real nice.
From: Randall Jones (
Date: 24 Jan 94 12:24 PST

  I've just ordered the Thai version of Windows 3.1.  I ordered the full
  package, not the upgrade.  It cost $190.00.  (I haven't received it yet
  but I'm looking forward to trying it out.)

  I ordered from THE IDEA in California (Los Angeles, I think).  Their
  phone number is (213) 628-2801.  This was the only vendor MicroSoft
  Help could suggest for the Thai Windows in the U.S.


Subject: B.1)  Domestic computer market

Data compiled from Prachachart Thurakit, Siam Post and Bangkok Post.
October 1993.

Market size

                1990         1991             1992           1993
             --------- ---------------- ---------------- ----------------
               Value     Value  Growth    Value  Growth    Value  Growth
              M Baht    M Baht     %     M Baht     %     M Baht     %
Mainframe     1,675.0   2,000.0  19.40   4,624.0 131.20   3,788.0 (18.08)
  Hardware                               2,312.0          1,994.0
  SW/Svcs                                2,312.0          1,794.0
Minicomputer  2,300.0   2,500.0   8.70   2,883.0  15.32   5,629.4  92.26
  Hardware                               1,730.0          2,786.6
  SW/Svcs                                1,153.0          2,842.8
Workstation      70.0     180.0 157.40     504.0 180.00   1,110.1  39.19
  Hardware                                 252.0            385.1
  SW/Svcs                                  252.0            725.0
PC            4,855.3   5,914.3  21.81   8,302.0  40.37  11,472.6  38.19
  Hardware                               7,728.0         10,236.4
  SW/Svcs                                  564.0          1,236.2
Total         8,900.3  10,594.3  19.03  16,313.0  53.98  22,000.1  34.86
  Hardware                              12,032.0         15,402.1
  SW/Svcs                                4,281.0          6,598.0
Sources: Computer Association of Thailand -- Vendor Group (CATVG) and
         Association of Thai Computer Industry (ATCI)

Random predictions

ATCI: 1993 market breakdown
                                 Unit     Value
                                 Sold    M Baht

       Mainframe                   35     1,533
       Minicomputer               778     2,537.6
       Workstation                517       377.41
       PC                                 6,384
         Brand (imported)       81000     4,008
         No brand (local made)  69000     2,376
           486dx      50.8 %
           486sx      35.0 %
           386dx       7.6 %
           386sx       6.7 %
       Hard disk               120000     1,230
       Monitor                  70000       552
         B&W          18.6 %
         Color        81.4 %
       Software and Services              6,598
         Software            59.7 %
         Network              8.1 %
         Installation/MIS    31.5 %
         DP/Service Bureau    0.7 %

       Total market                      22,000.11
         Mainframe & Info Services        3,788
         Minicomputer & Info Services     5,629.4
         Workstation                      1,110.11
         PC                              11,472.6

IBM Thailand: 1993 market breakdown

   - Total market: 22,000 million Baht
   - Growth over 1992: 35%
   - 46% of total market is minicomputer
      x  Enjoys 47% growth rate
      x  Average prices: 1992    1.7 million Baht
                         1993H1  1.4 million Baht
                         1993H2  2.3 million Baht
   - PC and peripherals: 11,000 million Baht

Datamat: 1993 software and services market

   - Software and services (S&S) has 30% share from the total market
   - Anticipated at 54% share by the year 2000
   - S&S sales will jump from 6 billion Baht this year to 23 billion by
     2000 A.D.
   - Software alone is 2.6 billion now and 16 billion in the year 2000
   - S&S : Hardware ratio is 30:70
   - In the year 2000, the ratio will be 40:60

Microsoft Thailand: PC market

   - Predict more offerings on services, training and after-sales support
   - Regional market size
       Singapore    89,000 units
       Hong Kong   105,000
       Thailand    150,000
       Taiwan      570,000
       Korea       860,000



Thanks for contributions from:
  John. A. Brubaker ( for N.3;
  Mike Barnes (mbarnes@finally.East.Sun.COM) for N.5;
  Panu Sittiwong ( for S.1;
  Randall Jones ( for S.1;
  Trin Tantsetthi ( for N.1, N.2, N.3, N.4, N.5
    and B.1;
  Yunyong Teng-amnuay ( for N.5